2007年11月24日星期六

我的Position Paper

Position Paper

Committee: The Economic and Social Council

Topic: Stop AIDS, Keep the Promise

Country: Kingdom of the Netherlands

Delegate: Lee, Chris 李芒茫

University: Beijing Foreign Studies University

Taking into account the HIV/AIDS issue, the accelerating prevalence of this epidemic is not an all-or-nothing scope for international concern. AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome), the late clinical stage of HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), has in a few decades’ time become a global catastrophe, crippling not only the life expectancy of human beings, but the world’s productivity, political-social stability and other vital aspects as well. It is obvious that this issue can by no means be categorized as domestic and, on the very contrary, should look to international cooperation and coalition.

Judging both from a historical and from a spatial perspective, the United Nations has reached a series of resolutions towards such severe matter, and has simultaneously launched various actions respectively. WHO (World Health Organization) has performed a leading role in the battle against HIV/AIDS, providing its member states and nations with supports to scale up treat, care and prevention services with a variety of methods and ensuring its members respond to HIV/AIDS comprehensively. Another important organization is the UNAIDS, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, which unites the resources and efforts of 10 UN system organizations and contributes a lot to the world’s response to HIV/AIDS.

As an active member of the UN, the Kingdom of the Netherlands is committed to the cause of world peace and development. Confronted with the HIV/AIDS challenge, the Netherlands works with the international goal of halting the prevalence of HIV/AIDS by the year 2015. To ensure the implement of its HIV/AIDS policy, both domestically and globally, the Netherlands has appointed an HIV/AIDS ambassador, which is an integral part of its foreign policy.

The Netherlands holds a relatively tolerant attitude towards drug use, prostitution and homosexuality, which are the major ways of spreading HIV/AIDS in the nation, and at the same time grants government and non-government organizations their exercises of anti-HIV/AIDS campaign.

Outside the nation, the Netherlands will enhance the significance of being open about HIV/AIDS, to reduce the effects of stigma and discrimination. We aim to establish political commitment among governments, communities and civil society organizations. And we want to improve the coordination among donors and we believe that the coordinating role of the UNAIDS should be strengthened.

The Netherlands takes great concerns for vulnerable groups, which include people with HIV/AIDS. We have launched HIV test to all pregnant women since 2004, for their and their babies’ health. We make efforts to develop cheaper medicines and condoms more affordable to the general public. We work on new preventive technologies concerning effective vaccines and microbicides. In addition, we help developing countries to implement programmes in HIV/AIDS campaigns.

This year, the Netherlands has increased its expenditure on the fight against AIDS, TB and malaria to a total sum of €270 million, twice as the 2002 sum of €135.

The Netherlands is aware that global cooperation is a necessity when facing such problem as HIV/AIDS prevalence worldwide. Therefore, the Netherlands will make the following proposals:

1) As a country that is economically developed, the Netherlands suggests that all countries with equivalent financial ability should exert their monetary influence on areas that are in need. Severely affected areas include Sub-Saharan and Southeast-Asian countries, where financial aids are imperative.

2) All nations should diminish stigma and discriminative mood against HIV/AIDS and its victims, creating an environment that is morally considerate and thus bringing a correct and comprehensive response to the epidemic.

3) Developing countries, which constitute the major proportion of the international political, economic and social activities, should actively participate in the UN organizations’ scale-up for treatment, care and prevention.

4) Governments have the responsibility to offer necessary assistance for the NGOs, either in the training of NGO staffs or in enhancing mutual trust, as the NGOs have a more direct contact with civilians.

5) UN system organizations should consider deploying observers in countries where local conflicts are acute, making sure that these areas are not handicapped by a vicious cycle and help the local people and government rebuild the rational institution.

In conclusion, solving the HIV/AIDS problem calls for international integration and cooperation. And the Netherlands will at no time hesitate to work with the UN organizations and other non-government organizations in terms of the establishment of a better world without the woes for HIV/AIDS and other disastrous epidemics.



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